The Middle East Cancer Consortium (MECC), under Professor Michael Silbermann’s leadership, brings together clinicians, academicians and government representatives throughout the Middle East with the goal of advancing cancer and palliative care, thereby turning the map of war-torn places into faces and individuals. Human-to-human relationships are established and bonds are formed as health professionals face an even greater battle than the Middle East conflict – the devastation of untreated cancer and its accompanying pain and suffering. It is through this humanitarian pursuit to overcome the cancer enemy that conflicted borders between countries are torn down and prejudices about religion disappear.

MECC provides ongoing training in the Middle East, convening regional leaders on an annual basis while enhancing capacity building by adding new professionals to the initiative. In the process, these relationships strengthen, and a family comes into being - the MECC family.

Full List of Publications

  1. Silbermann, M., Freedman, L., Al-Kayed, S., Barchana, M., Boyiadzis, M., Najjar, K., Ibrahim, A., Salhab, A.R., Young, J.L., Roffers, S., Qasem, B., Harford, J. Cancer registration in the Middle East.  J. Islamic Acad. Sciences, 12:2, 1999.
  2. Freedman, L., Al-Kayed, S,. Barchana, M., Boyiadzis, M., El-Najjar, K., Ibrahim, A.S., Salhab, A.R., Young, J.L., Roffers, S., Kahan, E., Qasem, M.B., Harford, J., Silbermann, M. (2000) Cancer registration in the Middle East. Epidemiology 12:131-133.
  3. Darwish, H., Seidan, W., Silbermann, M., Abu Saleh, A.R., Arber, N. (2001). Battling cancer through cooepration – Israel-Palestinian Cofnerence on GI oncology. From the bench to the bedside, IMAJ, 3: 631-632.
  4. Darwish, H., Trejo, I.E., Shapira, I., Oweineh, S., Sughayer, M., Baron, L., Silbermann, M., Aljadeff, E., Sweidan, W., Halpern, Z., Hibshoosh, M., Arber, N. (2001). Fighting colorectal cancer: Molecular epidemiology differences among Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews and Palestinians.  Annals Oncol. 13:1497-1501.
  5. Silbermann, M., Roffers, S.D. (2002). MECC Manual of Standards for Cancer Registration. 3rd Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA.
  6. Silbermann, M. (2002). Perspectives for cancer epidemiology researchin the Middle East. Rev. J. Gastrointestinal. Oncol. 4:181-183.
  7. Silbermann, M. (2003). The Middle East Cancer Consortium: A model for a regional cooperation program. Health without Borders in the Middle East. JDC Middle East Program, Brookdale Inst. 23-30.
  8. Freedman, L., Barchana, M., Al-Kayed, S., Qasem, B., Edwards, B., Roffers, S., Harford, J., Young, J., Silbermann, M. (2003). A comparison of population-based cancer incidence rates in Israel and Jordan. Eur. J. Cancer Prevent. 12:359-365.
  9. Silbermann, M. (2006). Introduction to Monograph on Cancer Incidence in the Middle East: A Comparison of Four Member Countries (Cyprus, Egypt, Israel and Jordan) with US SEER. Edited by Freedman, L., Edwards, B., Ries, L., Young, J. NCI/NIH/DHHS, Bethesda, MD, pp. ix-xi.
  10. Silbermann, M. (2007). MECC 10th Anniversary Brochure.
  11. Silbermann, M. (2008). The Middle East Cancer Consortium (MECC): A bridge to understanding between people. BRIDGES 4: 4-7.
  12. Silbermann, M., Kutluk, T., Tuncer, M. (2008). Middle East Cancer Consortium (MECC). International Pediatric Oncology Meeting, Istanbul. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 29: S1 - S22.
  13. Silbermann, M. (2008). Workshop on the Stresses and Burnout of Working with Cancer Patients, Larnaca. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 30: 98-115.
  14. Silbermann, M. (2008). MECC Workshop on Psycho-Oncology: The Role and Involvement of the Patient’s Family, Larnaca. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 30:S1-S17 (Abstracts).
  15. Silbermann, M. (2009). Leading the Way in Pain Control: A MECC-ONS Course for Oncology Nurses, Ankara. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 31: 605-618.
  16. Silbermann, M. (2010). MECC Workshop on Psycho-Oncology: Alleviation of Fear, Frustration and Sense of Loss through Non-Pharmacological Treatment Modalities, Larnaca. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 32:22-82 (Guest Editor).
  17. Baddarni, K., Silbermann, M. (2010). Medical Ethics and Spiritual Care to the Muslim Patient. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 32: 70-76.
  18. Silbermann, M., Khleif, A.D., Balducci, L. (2010). Healing by Cancer. J. Clin. Oncol. 28:1436-1437.
  19. Silbermann, M. (2010). Cancer Pain, Suffering and Spirituality. Guest Editor, ACJCP, Supplement 11: 1-120.
  20. Silbermann, M. (2010). Opioids in Middle Eastern Populations. APJCP 11: 1-6.
  21. Silbermann, M. (2010). Endeavors to Improve Palliative Care Services to Cancer Patients in Middle Eastern Countries. ASCO Educational Book, 217-221.
  22. Silbermann, M. (2010). Issues in Pain Management in Cancer Patients. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. Supplement 32: 419-439.
  23. Silbermann, M. (2010). MECC Workshop on Integrative Oncology in the Middle East. J. Palliative Medicine 13: 919-931 (Abstracts).
  24. Ben Arie, E,. Schiff, E., Steiner, M., Silbermann, M. (2011). Wheatgrass in Afifi’s Garden: Sprouting Integrative Oncology Collaborations in the Middle East. J. Clin. Oncol. 29: (7) 944-946.
  25. Silbermann, M. (2011). MECC Workshop on Palliative Care Services in the Middle East. Guest Editor, J. Ped. Hematol. Oncol. Supplement 33:S1-S80.
  26. Silbermann, M. (2011) Current trends in Opioids Consumption Globally and in the Middle Eastern Countries, J. Ped. Hematol. Oncol.. 33: S1-S5.
  27. Ben Arie, E., Schiff, E., Hassan, E., Mutafoglu, K., Lev Ari, S., Steiner, M., Lavie, O. Polliack, A., Silbermann, M., Lev, E. (2011). Integrative Oncology in the Middle East: From Traditional Herbal Knowledge to Contemporary Cancer Care. Annals Oncol. 2011 Mar. 29, doi:10.1093/annonc/mdr054.
  28. Ben Arie, E., Ali-Shtayeh, M.S., Nejmi, M., Schiff, E., Hassan, E., Mutafoglu, K., Afifi, F., Jamoas, R.M., Lev, E., Silbermann, M. (2011). Integrative Oncology in the Middle East: Weaving Traditional and Complementary Medicine in Supportive Care. Supportive Care in Cancer. 19:DOI:10.1007/200520-1121 Online First
  29. Silbermann, M., Khleif, A, Tuncer, M., Pitsillides, B., Shad, A., Oberman, A., Gultekin, M., Daher, M., Tarawneh, M., Harford, J (2011). Can We Overcome the Effect of Conflicts in Rendering Palliative Care? Current Topics in Oncology. 13(4): 302-307, May 3 [Epub ahead of print]. .
  30. Ben Arie, E., Schiff, E., Silbermann, M. (2011). Integrated medicine in cancer care in the Middle East: Scientists and clinicians get together. Isr. J. Family Med. (in Hebrew) 21: 42-45.
  31. Barchana, M., Silbermann, M. (2011). Fundamentals of cancer registration: What can it offer at a regional level. In: Textbook of Gynaecological Oncology. Ali Ayhan, Nicolas Reed, Murat Gultekin & Polat Dursun, eds. Günes Publishing, Ankara, Turkey, pp. 215-218.
  32. Silbermann, M., Hassan, E. (2011). Cultural perspective in cancer care: Impact of Islamic traditions and practices in Middle Eastern Countries. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 33: S81-86.
  33. Silbermann, M. (2011). MECC Workshop on Cancer Pain, Suffering and the Complexities of evidence-based intervention in cancer care. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. Supplement.33: S81-161 (Guest Editor).
  34. Silbermann, M., Haramati, A. (2011). Integrative Oncology in the Middle East: Researching traditional remedies to address supportive cancer care. Eur J. Integ. Med. 3:123-124.
  35. Silbermann, M. (2011). Promoting mutual tolerance, respect, and understanding through candcer palliation. J. Palliative Care Med 1:e103.doi:10.4172/jpcm.1000e 103.
  36. Hilal, Z., Silbermann, M., Ben Arie, E., Saad, B. (2012). Greco-Arab Islamic herbal-derived anti-cancer modalities: From tradition to molecular mechanisms. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Doi: 10.1155/2012/ 349040.
  37. Silbermann, M., Arnaout, M., Abdel Rahman, H., Ashraf, S., Ben Arush, M. El-Shami, M., Al-Hadad, S., Huijer, H., Pitsillides, B., Tacyildiz, N., Shad, A. (2012) Pediatric Palliative Care in the Middle East. In: Pediatric Palliative Care: Global Perspectives. Knapp, C., Fowler-Kerry, S., Madden, V., eds. Springer Science, pp. 127-159.
  38. Shad, A., McGee, M., Biel, M., Silbermann, M. (2012). Collaborations in Psychosocial Care in Pediatric Oncology. The Middle East as a Case Example. In: Pediatric Oncology: Psychosocial Aspects and Clinical Intervention, 2nd Kreitler, S., Ben Arush, M., Martin, A., Eds. Wiley, Blackwell, London, UK, pp. 260-269.
  39. Silbermann, M. (2012). MECC Workshop on Advanced Pain Medicine and Palliative Care for Children. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. (Supplement), 34:S1-S35.
  40. Silbermann, M., Al-Hadad, S., Ashraf, S., Hessissen, L., Madani, A., Noun, P., Khayat, C., Al-Rimawi, H., Kebudi, R., Yaniv, I. (2012). MECC regional initiative in pediatric palliative care. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol., 34: S1-S11.
  41. Silbermann, M., Arnaout, M. Daher, M., Nestoros, S., Pitsillides, B., Charalambous, H., Gultekin, M., Abdulla, R.M.F., Mostafa, K.A.H., Khleif, A.D., Manasrah, N., Oberman, A. (2012). Palliative care in Middle Eastern countries: Accomplishments and challenges. Ann. Oncol., 23:S14-S27.
  42. Silbermann, M. (2012). Advanced ASCO-MECC International Development and Education Course in Palliative Care: Approaches for Oncology Integrated Palliative Care in Middle Eastern Countries. Ann. Oncol. (Supplement), Silbermann, M., Balducci, L., Schrijvers, D., Eds. 23: S1-S79.
  43. Silbermann, M. (2012). Impressions and experiences of a palliative care course to nurses in the Sultanate of Oman. J. Palliative Care & Medicine, 2:e 1 16.doi: 4172/2165-7386.1000e1 16.
  44. Silbermann, M. (2012). Palliative care in the Middle East. ASCO CONNECTION, September 2012, pp. 28-29.
  45. Charalambous, H., Silbermann, M. (2012). Clinically based palliative care training is needed urgently for all oncologists. J Clin Oncol 30. Available at http://jco.ascopubs.orulcgi/doi/10. 1200/JCO.20 12.45,3548.
  46. Silbermann, M. (2012). Availability of pain medication for patients in the Middle East: Status of the problem and the role of the Middle East Cancer Consortium (MECC): Implications for other regions. J Palliative Care Med. Available at 72/2165-7386. l000el 18.2012.
  47. Silbermann, M. (2012). Setting higher standards in cancer care - Impressions and lessons learned at the first Emirates Oncology Conference, Abu Dhabi, November 2012. J. Palliative Care & Med 2:el20.doi: 10.417212165-7386.1000e 120.
  48. Silbermann M., Al-Zadjali M. (2013). Nurses paving the way to improving palliative care services in the Middle East. J. Palliative Care & Med 3:e 125 .doi: 10.4172/2165-7386.1 000e 125.
  49. Silbermann, M. (2013). The Middle East Cancer Consortium. INTERNATIONAL INNOVATION, February 2013, pp. 66-67.
  50. Silbermann, M., Epner, D.E., Charalambous, H., Baider, L., Puchalski, C.M., Balducci, L., Gultekin, M., Fahmi-Abdalla, R., Daher, M., Tarawneh, M.R., Smith, T.J. (2013). Promoting new approaches for cancer care in the Middle East. Ann. Oncol, 24:vii 5-10.
  51. Hajjar, R., Atli, T., Al-Mandhari, Z., Qadiri, M., Balducci, L., Silbermann, M. (2013). Prevalence of aging population in the Middle East and its implication on cancer incidence and care. Ann. Oncol. 24: vii 11-24.
  52. Silbermann, M., Pitsillides, B., Al-Alfi, N., Omran, S., Al-Jabri, K., El-Shamy, K., Ghrayeb, I., Livneh, J., Daher, M., Charalambous, H., Jafferi, A., Fink, R., ElShami, M. (2013). Multidisciplinary care team for cancer patients and its implication in several Middle Eastern countries. Ann. Oncol. 24: vii 41-47.
  53. Silbermann, M (2013). International Symposium on Palliative Care and the Geriatric Cancer Patient Ann. Oncol (Supplement), Silbermann, M. Balducci, L., Schrivers, D. (Eds.) 24: vii 1-55.
  54. Silbermann, M., Shevohenko, K. Eaton, V. (2013). Palliative care training gains ground in Middle Eastern countries. J. Palliative Care & Med. S3:eOOl. Doi: 10.4172/2165 -7386.S3-eOOl.
  55. Silbermann, M. (2013). Development of palliative care in the Middle East. International Palliative Care Network. Ture Series 2013 available at infopalliativecarenetwork. corn.
  56. Cleary, J., Silbermann, M., Scholten, W., Cherny, N. (2013). Formulary, availability and regulatory barriers to accessibility of opioids for cancer pain in the Middle East: A report from the Global Opioid Policy Initiative (GOPJ). Ann. Oncol, 24X1 51-59.
  57. Ben Arye, E., Silbermann, M., Dagash, J., Shulman, B., Schiff, E. (2014). Touching the other's suffering: Cross-cultural challenges in palliative treatment along geopolitical crossroads, The Oncologist 19: 212-214.
  58. Hajjar, R.R, Charalambous, H., Baider, L., Silbermann, M. (2015) International Palliative Care. Middle East Experience as a Model for Global Palliative Care, Clinics in Geriatr Med, 31:281-294.
  59. Silbermann, M., Daher, M. Fahmi-Abdalla, R. Jaloudi, M., Hassan, A. (2015). The Middle East Cancer Consortium promotes palliative care. Lancet 385: 1620-1621.
  60. Silbermann, M. (2015) Editorial – Special Issue: Palliative Care Nursing. J. Pall. Care & Med. doi:10.4172/2165-7386, 10000S4e 001.
  61. Brant, J., Silbermann, M. Perspectives on the role of nurses in contemporary palliative dare practice: The Middle East as example for the developing world (2015). J. Pall. Care & Med. S4:1
  62. Bern Arye, D., Samuels, N., Goldstein, Mutafoglu, K., Omran, S., Schiff, E., Charalamabous, H., Dweika, T., Ghrayeb, I., Bar Sela, G., Turker, I., Hassan, A., Kebudi, R., Silbermann, M. (2015). Potential risk associated with traditional herbal medicine use in cancer care: A study of Middle-Eastern oncology healthcare professionals. Cancer. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.29796.
  63. Silbermann, M. (ed.) (2016). Cancer Care in Countries/Societies in Transition – Individualized Care in Focus. SPRINGER, New York.
  64. Hacikamiloglu, E., Utku, E.S., Cukurova, Z., Keskinkilic, B., Topcu, I., Gultekin, M., Silbermann, M. (2016) Community palliative care in Turkey: A collaborative promoter to a new concept in the Middle East. J. Public Health Manag. and Practice 22:81-88.
  65. Ben Arye, E., Samuels, N., Goldstein, L.H., Mutafoglu, K., Omran, S., Schiff, E., Charalambous, H., Dweikat, T., Ghrayeb, I., Bar Sela, G., Turker, I., Hassan, A., Hassan, E., Saad, B., Nimri, O., Kebudi, R., Silbermann, M. 2016. Communication and Integration: A qualitative analysis of perspectives among Middle Eastern oncology healthcare professionals on the integration of complementary medicine in supportive cancer care. Cancer Research & Clinical Oncology 142:1117-1126.
  66. Silbermann, M. (ed.) (2016) Palliative Care – Nursing. J. Palliative Care & Medicine. OMICS International; MedPub LLC.
  1. Silbermann, M., Daher, M., Kebudi, R., Nimri, O., Al-Jadiry, M., Baider, L. (2016) Middle East Conflicts: Implications for refugee health in the European Union and Middle Eastern host countries. ASCO J. Global Oncology. DOI: 10.1200/JGO.2016.005173. Published online on on June 15, 2016. 10.1200/JGO.2016.005173.
  2. Silbermann, M., Kunirova, G., Kaidarova, D. (2016) Promoting palliative care to cancer patients in the Republic of Kazakhstan. J. Pall. Care & Med. 6:4, 2016. Http://
  3. Ben-Arye, E., Samuels, N., Silberman, M. Integrating Complementary Medicine in Palliative Care: A Call for an Inter-Disciplinary Collaboration (2016). Editorial. J. Pall. Med. & Hospice Care. Http://
  4. Sabar, R., Katz, G.J., Silbermann, M. Family Carers and the Home Hospice Patient in Israel: A Pilot Study of the Need for a Multi-Cultural Perspective (2016). J. Fam. Med 3(8): 1082-1084.
  5. Charalambous, H., Silbermann, M. The Role of the Cancer Center in Supporting Palliative Care Services Development (2016). J. Palliat. Care Med 6(5): 1000e139. DOI:10.4172/2165-7386.1000e139.
  6. Bar-Sela, G., Schultz, M., Khader, K., Rassouli, M., Doumit, M., Ghrayeb, I., Kebudi, R., Elshamy, K., Al-Jadiry, F., Fahmi, R., Charalambous, H., Razaq, S., Gafer, N., Can, G., Obeidat, R., Punjwani, R., Ayyash, H., Khleif, M., Najajrah, M., Silbermann, M. Provision of spiritual care to advanced cancer patients by doctors and nurses in the Middle East. (2016). Ann Oncol 27(6) DOI.1093/annonc/mdw 384.13.
  7. Oguz, G., Senel, G., Silbermann, M. Palliative Care Unit in an Oncology Hospital in Turkey (2016). Clinics in Oncology 1:1157-1159. Available at:
  8. Ben Arye, E., Samuels, N., Daher, M., Turker, I., Nimri, O., Rassouli, M., Silbermann, M. (2017) Integrating Complementary and Traditional Practices in Middle-Eastern Supportive Care. In NCI Monograph - Advancing the Global Impact of Integrative Oncology 2017 (52):11-14.
  9. The Impact of a Life Threatening Disease on the Growth and Development of the Pediatric Patient (2017). Current Pediatric Reviews, Bentham Science Publishers. Silbermann, M. (Guest Ed.) 13:2-48.
  10. Palliative Care: Perspectives, Practices and Impact on Quality of Life. A Global View (2017). Silbermann, M. (ed.), NOVA Science Publishers, NY, USA.
  11. Medicinal Plants and Natural Active Compounds for Cancer Chemoprevention/ Chemotherapy. Editorial (2017). Evidence-Based Complement Alternative Med. Zaid, H., Silbermann, M., Amash, A., Gincel, D., Abdel-Satter, E., Sarskahya, B. (Guest Eds.). Doi: 10.1155/2017/7952417.
  12. Senel, G., Silbermann, M. (2017) Cultural challenges in implementing palliative programs in emerging countries. Pall. Med. & Hospice Care. S1-S3. Doi: 10.17140/PMH-COJ-SE-1-101.
  13. Tang, L., Silbermann, M. (2017) Palliative care gains roots in China. J Palliat Care Med 7-3-1000e140.
  14. Challenges in implementing palliative care services in emerging countries. Pall Med & Hospice Care (Silbermann M., Kebudi R., Eds) vol. 3: S1+-S84 Doi: 10.17140/PMHCOJ-SE-1-101.
  15. Silbermann, M., Sabar, R., Katz, G.J. (2017). Religious cultural sensitivity in Israel: A case study of an orthodox Jewish family. Pall. Med. & Hospice Care 3:S28-S31, 2017.
  16. Ben Arye, E., Samuels, N., Silbermann, M. (2017). Integration of complementary medicine in supportive cancer care: A call for Middle Eastern collaborative research. J. Pain & Symptom Management. Doi: 10.1016/jpainsymman.2017.11.019.
  17. Ben-Arye E, Bonucci M, Daher M, Kebudi R, Saad B, Breitkreuz T, Rassouli M, Rossi E, Gafer N, Nimri O, Hablas M, Kienle GS, Samuels N, Silbermann M. (2017). Refugees in conflict: creating a bridge between traditional and conventional health belief models. The Oncologist 22:1-4.
  18. Silbermann M, Baider L, Respini D, Tralongo P, Daher M, Obeidat R, Gafer N, Fadhil S, Rassouli M, Cheli S, Eniu A, Balducci L (2018). Palliative care is a useful means to overcome intercultural barriers faced by refugees in their new host countries. J. Palliat Care Med 8(3) DOI:10.4172/2165-7386. 1000.334.
  19. Silbermann M, Baider L, Respini D, Tralongo P, Daher M, Obeidat R, Gafer N, Fadhil S, Rassouli M, Cheli S, Eniu A (2018). An urgent human health dilemma faced by both refugees and their host caregivers? Human Health Research 1:10-17. DOI:10.14302/issn.2.576-9383.jhhr-18-2111.
  20. Barsala, G., Schultz, JM., Elshamy, K., Rassouli, M., Ben Arye, E., Doumit, M., Gafer, N., Bashayreh, A., Ghrayeb, I., Turker, I., Ozalp, G., Kav, S., Fahmi, R., Nestoros, S., Ghali, M., Mula-Hussain, L., Shazar, I., Obeidat, R., Punjwami, R., Khleif, M., Can, G., Tuncel, G., Charalambous, H., Faraj, S., Keoppi, N., Al-Jadiry, M., Postorsky, S., Al-Omari, M., Razzaq, S., Ayyash, M., Khader, K., Kebudi, R., Omran, S., Rasheed, O., Qadire, M., Ozet, A., Silbermann, M., (2018). Training for awareness of one's own spirituality: A key factor in overcoming barriers to the provision of spiritual care to advanced cancer patients by doctors and nurses. Palliative & Supportive Care.
  21. Silbermann M, Baider L, Saleem A, Gafer N, Tang L, Fadhil AR, Rassouli M, Hassan A, Fernandez-Ortega P, Brant J, Kebudi R, Respini D, Muckaden MA. (2018) The overwhelming contribution of women to the development and establishment of palliative care as a recognized medical specialty. Brit. J. Cancer Res. 1(3):162-166. doi: 10.31488/bjcr.111.
  22. Puchalski CM, Sbarna A., Ferrell B, Jaferi B, King S, Balboni P, Miccinersi G, Vandenhoeck A, Silbermann M, Balducci L, Young J, Antonuzzo A, Falcone A, Ripamorti CI (2019). Interprofessional spiritual care in oncology: Recommendation for integration of spirituality in care of patients with cancer. ESMO Open.
  23. Brant J, Fink R, Rassouli M, Majima T, Osuka T, Gafer N, Ayden A, Khader K, Lascar E, Tang L, Nestoros S, Abdullah M, Michael N, Cerruti J, Ngaho E, Kadig Y, Hablas M, Istambouli R, Muckaden MA, Aligolshvili B, Obeidat R, Kunirova FG, Al-Omari M, Qadire M, Omran S, Mouhawej MC, Zouak M, Ghrayeb I, Manasrah N, Youssef A, Ortega P, Tuncel GO, Cajucom LA, Silbermann M. (2019). Global survey of the roles, satisfaction and barriers of home healthcare nurses on the provision of palliative care. J. Palliative Medicine (in press).
  24. Glare P, Schwartsmann G, Kirov L, Tang L, Charalambous H, Hassan E, Istambouli R, Elshamy K, Rassouli M, Fadhil, S, Eisenberg E, Cohen M, Cheli S, Tomoko M, Kunirova G, Weru J, Ali Z, Daher M, Abu Seir R, Calimag MM, Zylicz, Z, Capalas ML, Hassan, A, Mosoiu D, Oliver A, Ortega MP, Gafer N, Al-Lamki Z, Youssef A, Kebudi R, Can G, Oguz-Tuncel G, Mwaka AD, Dweikat T, Guo P, Connor S, Schapira L, Kim KY, Balducci L, Lu E, Del Fabbro E, Shad A, Brant J, Fink R, Silbermann M (2019). Palliative Care: Vol. 2, The Role and Importance of Research in Promoting Palliative Care Practice: Methods and Outcomes. Silberman M (ed), NOVA Science Publishers, NY, USA.